During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the contrib

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In recent years, the scale of solar energy development and utilization has expanded rapidly, technological progress and industrial upgrading have accelerated, and costs have been significantly reduced. It has become an important field of global energy transformation. The 13th five year plan for solar energy development recently released by the National Energy Administration shows that by the end of 2020, the installed capacity of solar power generation will reach 1. More than 100million kW, of which the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation reaches 1. More than 0.5 billion kw; the installed capacity of solar thermal power generation has reached 5million kW. Experts said that the "13th five year plan" will be a critical period for the development of the solar energy industry. The basic task is to upgrade the industry, reduce costs, expand applications, and achieve market-oriented self sustainable development that does not rely on state subsidies

promote distributed photovoltaic power generation

during the "12th Five Year Plan", China's photovoltaic installed capacity has increased hundreds of times, leaping to the world's leading photovoltaic power. However, due to the rapid rise of photovoltaic installed capacity, it mainly comes from the construction of centralized ground power stations in the western region, which also brings a series of consumption problems

vigorously promoting the development of distributed photovoltaic power generation has become an inevitable choice during the 13th Five Year Plan period. According to the plan, 100 distributed photovoltaic application demonstration areas will be built by 2020, and photovoltaic power generation will be installed on 80% of the roofs of new buildings and 50% of the roofs of existing buildings in the park. In the industrial parks, economic development zones, large industrial and mining enterprises, shopping malls, schools, hospitals and other public buildings with development conditions, unified planning and organization of the implementation of roof photovoltaic projects. In rural areas and small towns with excellent solar energy resources and good electricity access and consumption conditions, we will promote residential roof photovoltaic projects and form a number of photovoltaic towns and new photovoltaic villages

"most of the tableland is electrically connected between the sensor and the control cabinet due to the uneven photovoltaic construction in the East and West." Wang Chuanbang, President of Zhengxin optoelectronics operation, said that the weak industrial foundation and limited consumption capacity in the western region, coupled with the large number of local traditional thermal power units and the imperfect construction of electricity and other supporting facilities, are likely to cause the phenomenon of power generation. The plan includes distributed photovoltaic in the development focus, which will undoubtedly further promote the development of distributed photovoltaic. Distributed photovoltaic should not only be limited to industrial and commercial roofs, but also be extended to agricultural photovoltaic, household distributed applications, and so on

in terms of expanding "photovoltaic +" comprehensive utilization projects, the relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration said that it is encouraged to carry out various "photovoltaic +" application projects according to local conditions in combination with the comprehensive utilization of barren mountains, wasteland and coastal beaches, the treatment of abandoned land such as coal mining subsidence areas, facility agriculture, fishery breeding and other ways, so as to promote the organic integration of photovoltaic power generation with other industries, and open up new ways for Land Value-added Utilization through photovoltaic power generation. Explore various photovoltaic agricultural integration development modes to improve agricultural efficiency, and encourage the construction of photovoltaic power stations in combination with modern and efficient agricultural facilities

in order to ensure the healthy development of distributed photovoltaic, the plan requires that market-oriented transactions of distributed photovoltaic power generation should be carried out in combination with the reform of the power system, and photovoltaic power generation projects should be encouraged to be built close to the power load and connected to medium and low voltage distribution to realize the nearby consumption of power. All kinds of distribution enterprises should provide services for the access of distributed photovoltaic power generation to power operation, give priority to the consumption of distributed photovoltaic power generation, build distributed power generation and operate technical support systems, and organize distributed power transactions

carry out photovoltaic poverty alleviation in various ways

photovoltaic power generation has the characteristics of safety and stability when the economic sample is not broken, making the hammer rebound, obvious energy conservation and emission reduction effect, low operation and maintenance cost, etc. it has more precise advantages in targeted poverty alleviation, especially in helping the disabled poor population. In recent years, it has gradually become one of the important forms of poverty alleviation in China

the plan proposes that during the "13th five year plan" period, we should carry out photovoltaic poverty alleviation in a variety of ways, innovate photovoltaic poverty alleviation models, and promote the construction of various forms of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects in accordance with local conditions, in stages and batches, with the goal of mainly solving the poor households who are unable to work, covering 2.8 million poor households who are unable to work, with an average increase of 3000 yuan in cash income per household per year

as early as October this year, the National Energy Administration issued a leading batch of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects with a total scale of 5.16 million KW. Among them, village level photovoltaic power stations totaled 2.18 million KW, and centralized ground power stations totaled 2.98 million KW, which would affect the price of the test box, involving about 20000 poor villages in 14 provinces including Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin, Anhui, Jiangxi, etc

although photovoltaic poverty alleviation has achieved positive results under the promotion of national policies, there are still many practical problems in the actual promotion. Wang Chuanbang told the economy that first of all, the power infrastructure in poor rural areas in China is weak and the power load is relatively low. Secondly, the lack of project development professionals in rural areas has led to component or line failures after the completion of photovoltaic power stations, affecting power generation and causing loss of revenue

"the State encourages photovoltaic poverty alleviation to build village level power stations, but the requirements for connecting power to village level power stations are low, and the installation land or roof that is suitable and meets the requirements is also a problem." Qian Jing, vice president of Jingke energy, said frankly, "photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects without quality assurance can not only benefit the people, but also cause accident injuries or economic losses."

photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects are crucial to promoting the construction of targeted poverty alleviation in China. In order to ensure the smooth progress of photovoltaic poverty alleviation, the plan requires that the transformation and upgrading of rural electricity should be well connected with the distributed photovoltaic poverty alleviation project to ensure that the power generated by the photovoltaic poverty alleviation project is connected nearby and fully consumed. At the same time, ensure that the key equipment of photovoltaic poverty alleviation meet the advanced technical indicators and have reliable quality, and encourage the establishment of professional platform companies to implement unified operation and monitoring of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects, so as to ensure the long-term reliable quality, stable performance and lasting benefits of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects

photothermal power generation forms industrialization

with the launch of the first batch of demonstration projects and the introduction of demonstration electricity prices, the solar photothermal power generation industry, which is poised to be launched, will undoubtedly become the biggest highlight in the field of solar energy utilization during the 13th five year plan period. The plan stipulates that the cost of solar thermal power generation will be less than 0 during the 13th Five Year Plan period. At 8 yuan/kWh, the efficiency of solar thermal power generation has been greatly improved, forming the integration capacity of the whole industrial chain

it is learned that during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China has achieved major breakthroughs in solar thermal power generation technology and equipment. Badaling 1 MW solar thermal power generation technology and system demonstration project was completed in 2012, and the first 10000 kW tower type solar thermal power generator set in commercial operation was put into operation in 2013. China has accumulated some experience in theoretical research, technology development, equipment development and engineering construction and operation of solar thermal power generation. The industrial chain has initially formed and has certain industrialization capacity

however, it is also an indisputable fact that the industrialization capacity of solar thermal power generation in China is weak. At present, China's solar thermal power generation has not been applied on a large scale, lacks experience in design, construction, operation and maintenance, and has weak independent technical capacity in core components and devices, and the industrial chain needs to be further improved. At the same time, the cost of solar thermal power generation is higher than that of other renewable energy sources, facing greater pressure to accelerate the upgrading of technology and reduce costs

the relevant person in charge of the National Energy Administration said that in the first half of the "13th five year plan", it will actively promote the construction of about 1.5 million KW solar thermal power generation demonstration projects, summarize and accumulate construction and operation experience, improve management methods and policy environment, verify the reliability of localized equipment and materials, cultivate and enhance system integration capabilities, master key core technologies, and form an equipment manufacturing industrial chain to promote 2 The designated friction coefficient promotes the large-scale development of industry and the improvement of product quality, drives the reduction of production costs, and initially has international market competitiveness

the large-scale development of solar energy utilization industry will effectively promote the transformation of local economic development. Experts predict that during the "13th five year plan" period, the contribution of the solar energy industry to China's economic output value will exceed trillion yuan. Among them, the contribution of solar power generation industry to China's economic output value will reach 600billion yuan, driving the economic demand by more than 120billion yuan on average every year, and simultaneously driving the development of electronic industry, new materials, high-end manufacturing, interconnection and other industries

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